The Health Bulletin
Did you know that in Ghana, hypertension is the second leading cause of outpatient morbidity in adults older than 45?
According to research, the prevalence of hypertension in rural and urban Ghana ranges from 19% to 48% and some studies from rural settings reported 24% or higher. In the Asutifi South district of Ghana, hypertension is consistently ranked among the top ten Out-Patient Department (OPD) cases with prevalence rising from 4.23% in 2008 to 6.07% in 2014. This trend in hypertension prevalence and incidence is expected to grow.
Researchers found out that knowledge on some risk factors of hypertension was extremely low and having a formal education was associated with higher odds of knowledge of hypertension. Additionally, several misconceptions such as the use of agro-chemicals fertilizers and excess vitamins were identified
as causes of hypertension.
Researchers concluded that knowledge gaps and misconceptions surrounding hypertension in rural communities in Ghana presents a major barrier to hypertension prevention.
Did you know Diabetes mellitus is a significant cause of visual impairment?
A cross-sectional survey involving the use of a structured interview was conducted among diabetic patients attending the Diabetic Clinic of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital. According to the research only 26.4% patients knew the type of diabetes mellitus they were suffering from. Additionally, knowledge on ocular effects of diabetes was low and only 3.8% knew that it could affect the ocular refraction with no patient mentioning that diabetes mellitus could cause cataract or diabetic retinopathy. 34.6% had never had an eye examination since being diagnosed with diabetes.
Researchers concluded that intensive health education by diabetes care givers is required to improve attitude towards eye care to prevent visual impairment.
Diabetes mellitus, a multi-systemic disease characterized by hyperglycemia, is on the rise worldwide. Reports have indicated that in the year 2000, there were 7.5 million cases of diabetes mellitus in Africa with more than 80% of these cases remaining undiagnosed. According to the International Diabetes Federation over 7.1 million people in sub-Saharan Africa are now estimated to suffer from Diabetes mellitus and this will increase to 15 million by 2025.
Diabetes now accounts for 6.8% adult admissions at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. According to the President of the National Diabetes Association the current estimate of the diabetic
population to be more than 4 million. This increase in prevalence could be attributed to several risk factors including ageing, diet, obesity, and physical inactivity.
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